Instead of the Egyptian Hathor Temple, the brand new Midianite worship area had no photos, whether painted otherwise created, reflecting its aniconism. If the Egyptians remaining this area, the fresh Midianites got control of the complete city such as the Hathor Forehead. In that way, it generated the bedroom religiously appropriate by removing Hathors deal with off the material drawings, and reused this type of rocks in their area due to the fact another mainstay. Rothenbergs dispute out of was reconfirmed from the current excavation by Uzi Avner. That it iconoclasm is also reflected in another associated class, the fresh new Kenites (look for appendix).
Brand new lifestyle on the Moses matrimony to help you a good Midianite lady gets the mark from credibility: Why should the Israelites create a story about their number 1 spiritual leaders wedding to a low-Israelite woman?
Way more problematically, Moses not merely discovers their wife one of several Midianites, but discovers their Goodness truth be told there as well. Whenever i possess argued in other contexts, such my personal, “Hovav this new Midianite: As to the reasons Are the conclusion the story Clipped? (TheTorah, 2016),” the newest biblical texts try to smoothen down if not cover up this, nevertheless the full force of one’s Moses-in-Midian community is certainly one which explains the brand new emergence of your own Midianite/proto-Arabian god YHWH-a keen deity pregnant private love-because Israels god.
Aniconic Kenites: Other Midianite-such as Yahwistic Group
One after that bit of research for Midianite aniconism comes from the newest Kenites. The partnership anywhere between Midianites and you may Kenites is uncertain, nevertheless the biblical text message both conflates the two, since the Moses father-in-legislation is sometimes named being you to definitely, and sometimes others.
Inside the Evaluator step 1:16, our company is advised that Kenites paid from the Arad Area, and you may students have traditionally ideal the city of Horvat Uza try biblical Kina, once the load in its vicinity is known as Wadi-el-Keni, we.elizabeth., the Kenite Load. Excavations of the Iron II (monarchic several months) urban area there reveal that while brand new neighboring (Israelite!) locations had brief carvings of individuals, Horvat Uza got nothing. Nadav Naaman, a historian of your biblical several months regarding Tel Aviv College or university, ideal that this is while the Kenites were particularly linked to their old, aniconic customs.
Furthermore, one Kenite profile off a later several months, Jehonadab ben Rechab (1 Chron dos:55), is described as that have registered Jehus anti-Baal path (dos Kgs -16). From inside the Jeremiah i pay attention to that category-the latest Rechabites, a beneficial Kenite subclan-existed a nomadic tent-hold existence, instead strengthening domiciles or growing sphere, and you will eschewed drink consumption. It lifestyle try reminiscent of what we should see in later minutes with a different sort of Arabic group, the fresh new Nabateans, who were together with aniconic.
Even if the perfect dating anywhere between Midianites, Kenites, and jak pouÅ¾Ãvat chappy you can Rechabites remains hazy-aside from the latter two small communities became element of Israel while the former large class don’t-many of these groups had been part of an aniconic, YHWH worshipping community, that has been used and you may reshaped by the Israelites into the an early months.
This post is according to ch.8 out of my personal, ??? ???? ???”? [How the Bible Came to be] (Israel: Kinneret, Zmora-bitan, Dvir, 2018).
Supply critically, the disclosure out of Gods label for the ch. step 3 are part of the Elizabeth or Elohistic provider, whereas brand new revelation in the section 6 is, i think, from the Holiness Schools redaction of your Pentateuch. Pick Israel Knohl, The fresh new Sanctuary regarding Quiet: Brand new Priestly Torah while the Holiness University, trans. Jackie Feldman and you can Peretz Rodman (Winona River, IN: Eisenbrauns, 2007; repr. out of, Minneapolis, MN; Fortress Press, 1995), 17 [n24]; trans. of, ???? ????? ???? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?????? (Jerusalem: Magnes Force, 1992). Most other students, although not, accept it to be regarding the Priestly text message (look for talk when you look at the, David Frankel, “The brand new Priestly Moses,” TheTorah .) Editors note: Based on how those two texts played a crucial role on development of supply criticism, come across Zev Farber, “Documentary Theory: The fresh new Disclosure of YHWHs Label Will continue to Illuminate,” TheTorah (2014).